Dzibanché and Kinichná
The Dzibanché - Kinichná complex is located in a transition zone between the lowland jungle in the north of the Yucatán Peninsula and the tropical rainforest of the Petén. The settlement occupies an area of more than 40 km2 and is made up of four groups of monumental architecture: Dzibanché or Main Group, Central Complex or Lamay Group, Tutil and Kinichná, groups that had specific functions, interconnected by sacbés or Mayan white roads.
In the Main Group, the main buildings are Temples I (or Temple of the Owl) and Temple II (or Temple of the Cormorants), located in Plaza Xibalbá; and the Buildings of the Captives and the Toucans, located in Gann Square.
The settlement is located in an area where a flat landscape with underground drainage and a hillock with hills, small streams and waterways coexist. It is made up of residential units and civic and ceremonial architectural complexes, surrounded by fertile lands for cultivation, located in an area of 14 km2.
The first occupation of Kohunlich is located in the late Preclassic (300 BC -250 AD), a stage in which low-rise platforms were built around the Plaza Yaaxná, buildings that in the Early Classic were covered by monumental buildings. During this period, the Temple of the Masks was erected, decorated with eight figures molded in stucco with polychrome, in red and black colors, on masonry frameworks, of which only five are preserved. Its iconography represents real characters, adorned with attributes related to the sun.